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Gagne's Nine Events of Instruction

Gagne’s Nine Events of Instruction has been widely implemented by instructional designers. It was developed in 1965 by Robery Gagne and is used to design engaging and meaningful instruction. Below are the nine steps:


1. Gain Attention


Gain the learners attention and ensure they are interested in your lesson. A few methods that can be used are:


· Use an ice breaker

· Post a thought-provoking question

· Stimulate emotion with surprise or uncertainty

· Test before you teach


2. Inform Objectives


Inform the learners of the tasks, objectives, and outcomes from the lesson. This helps control their expectations. A few methods that can be used are:


· Use a board plan

· Use a slide describing criteria and performance

· Use a syllabus


3. Recall Prior Learning


Learners recall past learning to strengthen the information. A few methods that can be used are:


· Ask questions about previous learning or experiences

· Relate previous learning to current topic

· Use learning recall as a warmer to grab the learners attention


4. Present Content


Explain the material you want your learners to learn by organizing the content in a meaningful way. A few cues and presentations are:


· Use a variety of media, lectures, readings, activities, and projects

· Use an LMS to allow learners to learn before beginning the lesson

· Use a discussion board, blog, or polls


5. Provide Learning Guidance


Teach the learners how to learn by using guided activities and explaining common problems that may arise. Here are some methods that can be used:


· Scaffold instruction as needed

· Use role play, case studies, or visualization

· Use examples for both what to do and what not to do


6. Elicit Performance


Learners now apply what they’ve learned. This presents a way for the students to practice in a controlled environment. A few examples are:


· Use projects, activities, labs, and written assignments, and quizzes

· Encourage group collaboration


7. Provide Feedback


Identify learning gaps with feedback to ensure efficient learning and mastery of a subject. Feedback can come in many forms. Here are a few examples.


· Formative and Summative Feedback

· Remedial Feedback

· Peer- evaluation

· Descriptive feedback


8. Assess Performance


Evaluate what learning outcomes have been achieved from the objectives and help students identify areas they need further work on. A few methods are:


· Use varying assessment methods to present opportunities to demonstrate proficiency

· Use a rubric to give feedback

· Use tests


9. Enhance Retention/Transfer


Prepare learners to use the information in a real world environment. Here are some methods:


· Have learners convert knowledge to real world scenarios

· Link knowledge from scaffolded course structures

· Have learners participate in a discussion